mid-1990s, the U.S. government has committed over $4 billion in bilateral assistance to the
Palestinians, who are among the world’s largest per capita recipients of international foreign aid.
Successive Administrations have requested aid for the Palestinians to support at least three major
U.S. policy priorities of interest to Congress:
• Combating, neutralizing, and preventing terrorism against Israel from the
Islamist group Hamas and other militant organizations.
• Creating a virtuous cycle of stability and prosperity in the West Bank that
inclines Palestinians—including those in the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip—
toward peaceful coexistence with Israel and prepares them for self-governance.
• Meeting humanitarian needs and preventing