Monday, October 14, 2013

In Search of Lasting Security: An Assessment of Armed Violence in Nepal

Nepal’s turbulent transition from civil war to peace—marred by frequent political stalemates and the recent failure of the Constituent Assembly to adopt a new constitution—has raised new questions about the overall secu- rity situation in the country.
In response to this call for information, the Small Arms Survey and its Kathmandu-based partner, Interdisciplinary Analysts, introduce In Search of Lasting Security: An Assessment of Armed Violence in Nepal. This study presents original research based on a national household survey covering more than 3,000 respondents as well as focus group discussions and key informant interviews carried out in 2011 in Nepal’s Hill and Terai regions. In addition, the report draws on a wealth of data collected from official, non-governmen- tal, and international sources throughout 2012.

The MANPADS Threat and International Efforts to Address It Ten Years after Mombasa Matt Schroeder

The morning of November 28th, 2002, began like any other in Kenya’s bustling port city of Mombasa—home to more than 800,000 people and a popular des- tination for tourists. For the guests and employees of the beachfront Paradise Hotel in nearby Kikambala, the morning’s tranquility came to an abrupt end when a sport utility vehicle laden with explosives crashed through the hotel’s security gate and careened into the lobby. Seconds later, the car bomb exploded, reducing parts of the hotel to rubble. The owner of a neighboring hotel described the scene immediately after the explosion. “I can see bodies of local residents,” he reported. “The whole hotel is burned totally, both wings, the lobby and every- thing, it’s all burned” (Sawer, Arkell, and Harris, 2002). 

The Path Not Taken: Conflict and Identity in Nigeria -Jennifer Giroux, Raymond Gilpin, 2013

In the decades after its independence in October 1960, Nigeria periodically found itself at a series of crossroads. The 1960s were characterized by a devastating civil war and internal tensions that nearly drove the country apart; the 1970s saw a burgeoning oil and gas industry as well as governance achievements—notably efforts to develop a national identity and the adoption of a new constitutional framework that ushered in a government with an executive president at its center and, ultimately, a handover to civilian rule, albeit a short-lived one, in 1979. Indeed, in a large and complex country with a population consisting of more than 250 different ethnic groups, evenly divided between Christians and Muslims, finding common ground and allaying the fears of majority and minority groups was paramount.

Security Sector Transformation in Africa

The eighth edition in DCAF’s Yearly Book series examines theconceptual and operational dimensions of Security Sector Transformation inAfrica. African knowledge and experience has contributed much to theevolution of the security sector reform (SSR) concept while Africa continuesto be the main arena for SSR programmes. Consequently, over the years,DCAF has actively sought to expand its knowledge base, policy researchfocus and operational activities on African security sector reform andgovernance issues. For these reasons it is therefore particularly appropriatethat DCAF focuses on this subject in 2010 – the 10th anniversary of thecreation of the DCAF foundation.
Map of Africa
Part I: Introduction
1 Conceptualising Security Sector Transformation in Africa
Alan Bryden and ’Funmi Olonisakin
Part II: Transformation at the Domestic Level
2 Democratic and War-to-Peace Transitions and Security Sector Transformation in Africa
Robin Luckham and Eboe Hutchful
3 Parliaments and Security Sector Transformation in West Africa
Boubacar N’Diaye
4 Gender and Security Sector Transformation – From Theory to South African Practice
Cheryl Hendricks and Kristin Valasek
5 Transformation through Participation: Public Perceptions in Liberia and Sierra Leone
Judy Smith-Höhn
Part III: Transformation beyond the State
6 Operationalising Norms for Security Sector Transformation: The Role of Codes of Conduct
Jean-Jacques Gacond and Okey Uzoechina
7 Expert Networks and Security Sector Transformation
Thomas Jaye
8 Security Sector Transformation Beyond the State: The Economic Community of West African States
Ekaette Ikpe
9 Conceptualising and Implementing a Transformative African Union Policy on Security Sector Reform
Norman Mlambo
10 The United Nations and Security Sector Transformation in Africa
Adedeji Ebo
11 Security Sector Transformation in Africa: Challenges Confronting Bilateral Donors
Dylan Hendrickson
Part IV: Conclusion
12 Enabling Security Sector Transformation in Africa
Alan Bryden and ’Funmi Olonisakin
List of Contributors
About DCAF

Back to the Roots: Security Sector Reform and Development

There has now been more than a decade of conceptual work, policy development and operational activity in the field of security sector reform (SSR). To what extent has its original aim to support and facilitate development been met? The different contributions to this volume address this question, offering a range of insights on the theoretical and practical relevance of the security-development nexus in SSR. They examine claims of how and whether SSR effectively contributes to achieving both security and development objectives. In particular, the analyses presented in this volume provide a salutary lesson that development and security communities need to take each other’s concerns into account when planning, implementing and evaluating their activities. The book offers academics, policy-makers and practitioners within the development and security communities relevant lessons, suggestions and practical advice for approaching SSR as an instrument that serves both security and development objectives.

Sunday, October 13, 2013

The Integration of a Gender Perspective in the Sierra Leone Police

The Sierra Leone Police (SLP) began its reform process in 1997. As part of this process, the service developed a number of key policies that seek to promote gender equality and responsiveness. In 2011 the SLP undertook, for the first time, an assessment to measure its achievements to date in integrating gender issues in its reform process, and identify remaining gaps as well as good practices to inform the ongoing restructuring. This self-assessment process was undertaken by the SLP, using DCAF’s Gender Self-Assessment Guide.  It was conducted from May to October 2011 by a 10-member working group within SLP, comprising personnel from different departments with varied ranks, expertise and length of service. The SLP working group was supported by an external local consultant, Dr. Aisha Fofana Ibrahim.  The assessment focused on the following areas :
1. Performance effectiveness
2. Laws, policies and planning
3. Community relations
4. Accountability and oversight
5. Personnel
6. Institutional culture
The SLP internal self-assessment report has formed the basis of a case study entitled “The Integration of a Gender Perspective in the Sierra Leone Police”, written by Dr. Ibrahim. This case study was commissioned by DCAF with the support and collaboration of the SLP.  It is intended to be of use to stakeholders such as security sector institutions and oversight bodies, including parliament and civil society organisations, security sector reform practitioners and police services in other countries. It seeks to illustrate how gender perspectives have been integrated into the SLP, achievements, challenges and recommendations for becoming more inclusive and responsive to the needs of the entire population.

Gender Training for the Security Sector: Lessons identified and practical resources

On 4-6 June 2012, DCAF hosted a three-day workshop on gender training for the security sector in Geneva, Switzerland. The workshop brought together thirty-six gender training experts from around the world to share and discuss good practices and lessons learned in delivering gender training to defence, police and other security audiences.
The topics covered during the workshop were:
  • Gender training needs assessment
  • Importance of gender – debating different approaches
  • Simulation exercises and role plays
  • Favourite gender training exercises
  • Exchange and analysis of gender training agendas
  • Gender training for men
  • Gender and diversity training
  • Exchange and analysis of case studies
  • Gender training exercises to promote attitude change
  • Follow-up and evaluating the impact of gender training
The workshop was held as part of DCAF’s ongoing project on Gender and Security Sector Reform Capacity Building. The report provides an invaluable resource to anyone involved in training in the field of gender and security as it includes numerous lessons identified as well as useful tips and pointers on how to overcome some of the greatest challenges that gender trainers currently face. Furthermore, the report contains a sizeable collection of tried-and-tested gender training exercises as well as an extensive list of additional resources such as publications, short videos and other electronic training materials.

A Women’s Guide to Security Sector Reform

A Women’s Guide to Security Sector Reform seeks to encourage and empower women to take part in shaping and transforming the security sector in their communities and countries. Even if they have not formally studied security, women often have essential knowledge of community security needs, and have an important contribution to make to security sector reform (SSR).
The Women’s Guide provides both information on the security sector and tools for action. It draws on the rich and varied experiences of women in civil society from across the world and shares examples of practical, and sometimes innovative, ways to influence reform from the grassroots.
The Women’s Guide to Security Sector Reform includes three sections:
  • Section 1: Understanding Security
    Introduces key concepts in security, explaining SSR, and discusses why women’s contributions in civil society are vital to transforming the security sector.
  • Section 2: Get Involved
    Outlines concrete ways in which women’s organisations can engage and influence reform: how to research security issues, form coalitions, plan strategically, develop recommendations, advocate and engage directly.
  • Section 3: Tools for Action
    Presents an array of practical activities and tools for women’s organisations to take action, including activities to identify local security needs, sample letters to security officials, talking points for meetings with policymakers and media and definitions of security jargon.

NATO Missile Defence: Political and Budgetary Implications

In the framework of its cooperation with the NATO Parliamentary Assembly and funded by the Swiss Ministry of Defence as a contribution to the Partnership for Peace programme, the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) facilitated an annual joint European Parliament – NATO Parliamentary Assembly conference.
In what follows, the reader will find presentations and minutes of the Tuesday November 6, 2012 Joint Meeting between the European Parliament Delegation for Relations with the NATO Parliamentary Assembly and the NPA on the Political and Budgetary Implications of NATO Missile Defence. The Joint Meeting took place at the European Parliament in Brussels.

Almanac on Security Sector Governance in Ukraine 2012

Articles by Ukrainian and foreign authors included in this issue of the Almanac present different views and assessments of the state and prospects of Ukraine’s security sector development. The Almanac is structured into four sections and annexes. The first section reviews general issues dealing with the national security policy, the state and development of the security sector. The second section covers defence issues, the third – with internal security structures, the fourth – the state and prospects of Ukraine’s defence industry. Annexes carry supporting materials supplementing the articles.

Palestinian Draft Law on Access to Information: Bringing access to information legislation in line with international civil-democratic standards -Editor(s): Riham Abu Aita, Bilal Al-Barghouthi, Professor Bertil Cottier, Roland Friedrich, Fatima Itawi, Regula Kaufmann, Arnold Luethold, Nicolas Masson, Ala Matarea, Moussa Rimawi, Fadi Touma, Moussa Rimawi, Mohamed Abu Arqoub, Majed Arouri, Bilal Al-Barghouthi, Ahmed Hammad DCAF 2013

Many Palestinian citizens and journalists consider that the current laws applicable in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip do not provide sufficient guarantees for the freedom of press, expression and opinion. One of the main problems in this regard is the absence of a Palestinian access to information law. During the months of November and December 2012, a committee of four Palestinian legal experts revised and amended the existing PalestinianDraft Law on the Right to Access Information (2005). The committee was established by the Palestinian Center for Development and Media Freedoms (MADA). It benefited from DCAF’s financial and conceptual support.
This publication builds upon the findings of a previous DCAF-MADA Working Paper (2012). It presents the amended Palestinian Law on the Right to Access Information and its main components. It has been used by Palestinian media rights and civil society representatives to raise decision-makers’ awareness of the importance of enacting access to information legislation in the Palestinian territories.

The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and Central Asia’s Security Challenges, Anatoliy A. Rozanov, DCAF 2013

This study outlines the creation and evolution of the SCO, the main aspects of its activity, the ways in which China, Russia, Kazakhstan and other Central Asian countries approach the Organisation, and its role in providing regional security. The contributors attempted to clarify whether the SCO may become a key, effective pillar for the stable and safe evolution of Central Eurasia, as well as its real capacity to fundamentally reform the problem of security and stability in this region.
The study is based on analysis of official SCO documents, original Russian and Chinese sources, as well as assessments of experts from Central Asia.

Migration and Security in the Eastern Mediterranean, Amir Heinitz, DCAF 2013

This paper provides an overview of the nexus of migration and security with a focus on the EU’s migration policy and its effects on migrant security and migration flows in the Eastern Mediterranean from the mid-2000s to the Arab Spring and its aftermath.
Initial recipient countries of migrants of the Eastern Mediterranean take in migrants for internal or external political reasons. Migrants are generally afforded little means by the state to integrate and are often discriminated against by society. The legal administration of migrants in the region is often delegated to international organisations, such as UNHCR and IOM, and social services (health care, education, legal assistance, nutritional assistance etc.) are provided by CSOs and migrant networks often with limited resources and vulnerable to conflict. Smugglers and migrant networks provide exit routes to Europe or other destinations for desperate, ambitious or more mobile migrants.
This paper suggests that the EU’s assistance to transit countries in strengthening their border systems should be supplemented by actively engaging transit countries on a policy, legal and financial level. Local integration should be supported in close cooperation between the EU, transit country authorities, UNHCR, IOM and CSOs, and matched by an increase in controlled immigration to the EU from transit countries according to vulnerability categories and skilled labour needs. Civil perception and categorisation of migrants as either dangerous (irregular immigrant) or vulnerable (refugee), should be complemented by an appreciation of migrants as political and economic actors, culminating in the engagement of migrants on an equal footing.
Given protracted conflicts in countries of emigration, the paper concludes that a lack of proactive EU foreign migration policy towards transit countries bordering the Mediterranean, results in an overly intensive securitisation of the EU’s external borders as a tool to repel economic migrants and refugees.

The Indonesian Draft State Secrecy Law, Philipp Fluri, DCAF 2010

Authoritarian regimes do not only like to foster nationalist thought – thus creating questions to which they are supposedly the answer – they also are characterized by a ‘culture’ of secrecy which ordinarily surpasses by far the exigencies of defence and is in clear violation of the tenets of accountability and transparency adhered to by democratic, open societies.
In this publication we asked leading international experts to look at secrecy legislation and regulations in comparative perspective. As most emerging democracies will go through similar birth pains we hope to give indications as to what is secrecy, who may declare information or objects secret, and under what circumstances.

Parliamentary Powers in Security Sector Governance, Teodora Fuior DCAF 2011

This publication contains two sections: First, an introductory text on parliamentary oversight with the aim to help parliamentarians and non-parliamentarians alike to understand what the powers of an ambitious, competent and well-prepared parliament and its committees can be and what good they can do. Secondly, the publication contains a ‘self-assessment’ kit that helps parliamentary and non-parliamentary security and governance experts understand where their parliament stands and what further improvements could be made in the light of ‘best practices’.

Settling In For The Long Haul: Stability With Chinese Characteristics

Alan D. Romberg's latest essay, "Settling in for the Long Haul: Stability with Chinese Characteristics", has been published in the current issue of China Leadership Monitor.
The political turmoil created in Taiwan by the Kuomintang's (KMT) move to oust Legislative Yuan (LY) speaker Wang Jin-pyng in mid-September capped off several months of tumult over such issues as the abuse-related heatstroke death of a military recruit, the Fourth Nuclear Power Plant, and the recently signed cross-Strait services trade agreement (STA). While the extent of the fallout from the Wang episode is yet to be determined, this latest turn of the political wheel has cast into some doubt the shape of politics in Taiwan going forward and the fate of pending sensitive legislative issues.

Market Power: Adapting Public And Private Roles For Transnational Commerce And Transnational Threats

There is urgent need for a "new normal" in public-private relationships on security issues. This report aims to kick-start a new dialogue on making that a reality.
Nate Olson and Brian Finlay of Stimson's Managing Across Boundaries Initiative describe why illicit trafficking threats demand enhanced public-private coordination that benefits both industry and government.
Understanding industry's value drivers is one of the keys to sustainable public-private coordination.
Understanding industry's value drivers is one of the keys to sustainable public-private coordination.
Governments never will act at the speed of 21st-century innovation and commerce. Achieving genuine security amid a range of complex transnational threats therefore will require new partners and new models for engaging those partners. Better leveraging the private sector's capabilities and expertise will be essential. Drawing on more than a year's worth of confidential discussions with industry -- including dual-use technology manufacturers, radiopharmaceutical companies, supply chain and logistics firms, and insurance providers -- Olson and Finlay outline the first crucial steps the US government must take to that end:
  • enhancing knowledge of industry's economic and political landscape;
  • understanding the full range of industry's value drivers; and
  • diversifying government's "portfolio" of interagency and public-private coordination tools.
The report suggests several areas where there is near-term potential for concrete action. In the months ahead, the Managing Across Boundaries Initiative will highlight further opportunities for action through the work of the Partners in Prevention Task Force and related outreach.

Development Aid Confronts Politics: The Almost Revolution - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Development Aid Confronts Politics: The Almost Revolution - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Crisis: Russia and the West in the Time of Troubles - Carnegie Moscow Center

Crisis: Russia and the West in the Time of Troubles - Carnegie Moscow Center

Rethinking Urban Mobility: Sustainable Policies for the Century of the City - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Rethinking Urban Mobility: Sustainable Policies for the Century of the City - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Silver Bullet? Asking the Right Questions About Conventional Prompt Global Strike - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Silver Bullet? Asking the Right Questions About Conventional Prompt Global Strike - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Avoiding the Fall: China’s Economic Restructuring - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Avoiding the Fall: China’s Economic Restructuring - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

September 26 Attacks in J&K: Assessing the Response | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

September 26 Attacks in J&K: Assessing the Response | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Showdown between RIs and Pakistan Army: Implications for India | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Showdown between RIs and Pakistan Army: Implications for India | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Provincial polls in Sri Lanka: A new dawn? | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Provincial polls in Sri Lanka: A new dawn? | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Cut in Non-plan Expenditure and Impact on Defence Budget | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Cut in Non-plan Expenditure and Impact on Defence Budget | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Peace Process: Pakistan will have to walk the talk | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Peace Process: Pakistan will have to walk the talk | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Climate Change Narratives: Reading the Arctic | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Climate Change Narratives: Reading the Arctic | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

BRICS and the China-India Construct: A New World Order In Making? | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

BRICS and the China-India Construct: A New World Order In Making? | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Post-Morsi Egypt: Saudi Manoeuvring and Iranian Dilemma | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Post-Morsi Egypt: Saudi Manoeuvring and Iranian Dilemma | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Post-Morsi Egypt: Saudi Manoeuvring and Iranian Dilemma | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Post-Morsi Egypt: Saudi Manoeuvring and Iranian Dilemma | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Xi Jinping Carries Out First General Rank Promotions in PLA | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

Xi Jinping Carries Out First General Rank Promotions in PLA | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

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Blog Archive

Asian Survey 51(1), 2011

  • Timor-Leste in 2010: The Window for a “Normal” Future? Matthew B. Arnold
  • Cambodia in 2010: Hun Sen’s Further Consolidation, Steve Heder
  • Laos in 2010: Political Stasis, Rabid Development, and Regional Counter-weighting, William Case
  • Vietnam in 2010: Regional Leadership, Ramses Amer
  • Indonesia in 2010: A Leading Democracy Disappoints on Reform, Ehito Kimura
  • Malaysia in 2010: Between a Rock and a Hard Place, Michael O’Shannassy
  • The Philippines in 2010: Blood, Ballots, and Beyond, Patricio N. Abinales
  • Thailand in 2010: Rupture and Attempts at Reconciliation, Catharin Dalpino
  • Myanmar in 2010: Doors Open, Doors Close, Sean Turnell
  • Bangladesh in 2010: Digital Makeover but Continued Human and Economic Insecurity, Bina D’Costa
  • Sri Lanka in 2010: Regime Consolidation in a Post-Civil War Era, Jayadeva Uyangoda
  • Nepal and Bhutan in 2010: At an Impasse, Susan Hangen
  • India in 2010: Robust Economics amid Political Stasis, Shalendra Sharma
  • Pakistan in 2010: Flooding, Governmental Inefficiency, and Continued Insurgency, C. Christine Fair
  • Afghanistan in 2010: Continuing Governance Challenges and Faltering Security, William Maley
  • Taiwan in 2010: Mapping for a New Political Landscape and Economic Outlook, Hung-mao Tien and Chen-yuan Tung
  • Russia and the CIS in 2010: Post-Crisis Tests, Yu-shan Wu
  • South Korea in 2010: Navigating New Heights in the Alliance, Victor D. Cha and Katrin Katz
  • Japan in 2010: Messy Politics but Healthier Democracy Frances Mccall Rosenbluth
  • North Korea in 2010: Provocations and Succession Peter M. Beck
  • China in 2010: Dilemmas of “Scientific Development” Guoguang Wu
  • The United States and Asia in 2010: Uncertain Relations, François Ggodement
  • Asia in 2010: Continent Ascendant, Lowell Dittmer

Australian Journal of International Affairs, 65(1), 2011

  • An East Asian security community: Japan, Australia and resources as 'security' Donna Weeks Pages 61 - 80
  • Asia's transformation, international relations and public policy Nick Bisley Pages 102 - 108
  • From the age of asymmetry to the great reconvergence: securing order in the Asian century Andrew Phillips Pages 94 - 101
  • Japanese domestic politics and security cooperation with Australia: the limits of 'normalisation' Tadashi Anno Pages 24 - 39
  • Japanese security policy formation: assessing the Koizumi revolution Rikki Kersten Pages 5 - 23
  • Power shift: rethinking Australia's place in the Asian century Hugh White Pages 81 - 93
  • Regional security cooperation in East Asia: what can Japan and Australia usefully do together? Kazuhiko Togo Pages 40 - 60

Australian Journal of International Affairs, 65(2), 2011

  • Anglo-American followers or Antipodean iconoclasts? The 2008 TRIP survey of international relations in Australia and New Zealand J. C. Sharman; Jacqui True Pages 148 - 166
  • Building the nation in Timor-Leste and its implications for the country's democratic development Selver B. Sahin Pages 220 - 242
  • Change and continuity in strategic culture: the cases of Australia and New Zealand David McCraw Pages 167 - 184
  • Contextualising the AIDS epidemic in the South Pacific: orthodoxies, estimates and evidence Michael O'Keefe Pages 185 - 202
  • Securitising HIV/AIDS in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Anna Hayes; Abduresit Qarluq Pages 203 - 219

Conflict, Security & Development, 11(1), 2011

  • 'War don don': stability, normalcy and Sierra Leone Alice Hills Pages 1 - 24
  • Conflict and gender: the implications of the Burundian conflict on HIV/AIDS risks Hakan Seckinelgin; Joseph Bigirumwami; Jill Morris Pages 55 - 77
  • Revolutionary conflict in federations: the Indian case Jason Miklian Pages 25 - 53
  • The securitisation of civil society: a case study of NGOs-State Security Investigations (SSI) relations in Egypt Mariz Tadros Pages 79 - 103

Democratization 18(2), 2011

  • An autocrat's toolkit: adaptation and manipulation in 'democratic' Cameroon Ericka A. Albaugh Pages 388 - 414
  • Can democratization undermine democracy? Economic and political reform in Uganda Michael F. Keating Pages 415 - 442
  • Democracy promotion in Africa: the institutional context Oda van Cranenburgh Pages 443 - 461
  • Democracy, identity and the politics of exclusion in post-genocide Rwanda: the case of the Batwa Danielle Beswick Pages 490 - 511
  • Democratic crisis or crisis of confidence? What local perceptual lenses tell us about Madagascar's 2009 political crisis Lauren Leigh Hinthorne Pages 535 - 561
  • Democratization in Africa 1990-2010: an assessment Gabrielle Lynch; Gordon Crawford Pages 275 - 310
  • Ethnicity and party preference in sub-Saharan Africa Matthias Basedau; Gero Erdmann; Jann Lay; Alexander Stroh Pages 462 - 489
  • Taking back our democracy? The trials and travails of Nigerian elections since 1999 Cyril Obi Pages 366 - 387
  • The abrogation of the electorate: an emergent African phenomenon Wale Adebanwi; Ebenezer Obadare Pages 311 - 335
  • The internal dynamics of power-sharing in Africa Nic Cheeseman Pages 336 - 365
  • Well, what can you expect?': donor officials' apologetics for hybrid regimes in Africa Stephen Brown Pages 512 - 534

Democratization 18(1), 2011

  • Democracy and 'punitive populism': exploring the Supreme Court's role in El Salvador Elena Martinez Barahona; Sebastian Linares Lejarraga Pages 52 - 74
  • Democratic agency in the local political sphere. Reflections on inclusion in Bolivia Nancy Thede Pages 211 - 235
  • Democratization by decree: the case of Bhutan Mark Turner; Sonam Chuki; Jit Tshering Pages 184 - 210
  • Military extrication and temporary democracy: the case of Pakistan Michael Hoffman Pages 75 - 99
  • Obstacles to citizen participation by direct democracy in Latin America: a comparative regional analysis of legal frameworks and evidence from the Costa Rican case Anita Breuer Pages 100 - 134
  • Questioning Tocqueville in Africa: continuity and change in civil society during Nigeria's democratization A. Carl LeVan Pages 135 - 159
  • Stateness first? Jørgen Møller; Svend-Erik Skaaning Pages 1 - 24
  • Structural factors vs. regime change: Moldova's difficult quest for democracy Theodor Tudoroiu Pages 236 - 264
  • The religious experience as affecting ambivalence: the case of democratic performance evaluation in Israel Pazit Ben-Nun-Bloom; Mina Zemach; Asher Arian Pages 25 - 51
  • When government fails us: trust in post-socialist civil organizations Dani M. Marinova Pages 160 - 183

Foreign Affairs, 90(1), 2011

  • A Leaner and Meaner Defense: How to Cut the Pentagon's Budget While Improving Its Performance Gordon Adams, Matthew Leatherman, p. 139
  • A Third Way to Palestine: Fayyadism and Its Discontents Robert M Danin, p. 94
  • Culture Matters: The Real Obstacles to Latin American Development Oscar Arias, p. 2
  • Enforcing the Peace: How the Great Powers Can Resolve the Israeli-Palestinian Impasse Howard M Sachar, p. 14
  • Finish the Job: How the War in Afghanistan Can Be Won Paul D Miller, p. 51
  • Less Than Zero: Bursting the New Disarmament Bubble Josef Joffe, James W Davis, p. 7
  • Plan B in Afghanistan: Why a De Facto Partition Is the Least Bad Option Robert D Blackwill, p. 42
  • Small Arms, Big Problems: The Fallout of the Global Gun Trade C J Chivers, p. 110
  • Sudan's Secession Crisis: Can the South Part From the North Without War? Andrew S Natsios, Michael Abramowitz, p. 19
  • The Dangers of a Nuclear Iran: The Limits of Containment Eric S Edelman, Andrew F Krepinevich, Evan Braden Montgomery, p. 66
  • The Good News About Gas: The Natural Gas Revolution and Its Consequences John Deutch, p. 82
  • The Political Power of Social Media: Technology, the Public Sphere, and Political Change Clay Shirky, p. 28
  • The Softer Side of War: Exploring the Influence of Culture on Military Doctrine Peter R Mansoor, p. 164
  • West Is Best? Why Civilizations Rise and Fall Timur Kuran, p. 159
  • Why Moscow Says No: A Question of Russian Interests, Not Psychology Andrei Shleifer, Daniel Treisman, p. 122
  • Why the Rich Are Getting Richer: American Politics and the Second Gilded Age Robert C Lieberman, p. 154

Foreign Affairs, 90(2), 2011

  • A G-Zero World: The New Economic Club Will Produce Conflict, Not Cooperation Ian Bremmer, Nouriel Roubini, p. 2
  • Arms Sales for India: How Military Trade Could Energize U.S.-Indian Relations Sunil Dasgupta, Stephen P Cohen, p. 22
  • China's Search for a Grand Strategy: A Rising Great Power Finds Its Way Wang Jisi, p. 68
  • Currencies Aren't the Problem: Fix Domestic Policy, Not Exchange Rates Raghuram Rajan, p. 104
  • Currency Wars, Then and Now: How Policymakers Can Avoid the Perils of the 1930s Liaquat Ahamed, p. 92
  • Fighting the Laws of War: Protecting Civilians in Asymmetric Conflict Charli Carpenter, p. 146
  • From Innovation to Revolution: Do Social Media Make Protests Possible? Malcolm Gladwell, Clay Shirky, p. 153
  • Germany's Immigration Dilemma: How Can Germany Attract the Workers It Needs? Tamar Jacoby, p. 8
  • Getting China to Sanction Iran: The Chinese-Iranian Oil Connection Erica Downs, Suzanne Maloney, p. 15
  • How al Qaeda Works: What the Organization's Subsidiaries Say About Its Strength Leah Farrall, p. 128
  • Iraq, From Surge to Sovereignty: Winding Down the War in Iraq Emma Sky, p. 117
  • The Advantages of an Assertive China: Responding to Beijing's Abrasive Diplomacy Thomas J Christensen, p. 54
  • The Indian-Pakistani Divide: Why India Is Democratic and Pakistan Is Not Christophe Jaffrelot, p. 140
  • The Post-Washington Consensus: Development After the Crisis Nancy Birdsall, Francis Fukuyama, p. 45
  • The Tea Party and American Foreign Policy: What Populism Means for Globalism Walter Russell Mead, p. 28
  • The War Over Containing Iran: Can a Nuclear Iran Be Stopped? Dima Adamsky, Karim Sadjadpour, Diane de Gramont, Shahram Chubin, et al., p. 155
  • Will China's Rise Lead to War? Why Realism Does Not Mean Pessimism Charles Glaser, p. 80

International Security, 35(4), 2011

  • Preventing Enemy Coalitions: How Wedge Strategies Shape Power Politics Timothy W. Crawford, 155–189.
  • The Security Curve and the Structure of International Politics: A Neorealist Synthesis Davide Fiammenghi, 126–154.
  • The Right to Be Right: Civil-Military Relations and the Iraq Surge Decision Peter D. Feaver, 87–125.
  • Europe's Troubles: Power Politics and the State of the European Project Sebastian Rosato, 45–86.
  • Graceful Decline? The Surprising Success of Great Power Retrenchment Paul K. MacDonald, Joseph M. Parent, 7–44.

Journal of Peace Research 48(1), 2011

  • Christopher S P Magee and Tansa George Massoud, Openness and internal conflict
  • Eric Neumayer and Thomas Plümper, Foreign terror on Americans
  • Ifat Maoz, Does contact work in protracted asymmetrical conflict? Appraising 20 years of reconciliation-aimed encounters between Israeli Jews and Palestinians
  • Joseph K Young and Laura Dugan, Veto players and terror
  • Krista E Wiegand, Militarized territorial disputes: States’ attempts to transfer reputation for resolve
  • Luis de la Calle and Ignacio Sánchez-Cuenca, The quantity and quality of terrorism: The DTV dataset
  • Marie Olson Lounsbery and Alethia H Cook, Rebellion, mediation, and group change: An empirical investigation of competing hypotheses
  • Michael Mousseau, Urban poverty and support for Islamist terror: Survey results of Muslims in fourteen countries
  • Toby J Rider, Michael G Findley, and Paul F Diehl, Just part of the game? Arms races, rivalry, and war

Journal of Conflict Resolution, 55(1), 2011

  • Ravi Bhavnani, Dan Miodownik, Hyun Jin Choi. Three Two Tango: Territorial Control and Selective Violence in Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza. 133-158
  • Jennifer Kavanagh. Selection, Availability, and Opportunity: The Conditional Effect of Poverty on Terrorist Group Participation. 106-132
  • Orlandrew Danzell. Political Parties: When Do They Turn to Terror?. 85-105
  • Juan Benito, Pablo Brañas-Garza, Penélope Hernández, Juan Sanchis. Sequential versus Simultaneous Schelling Models: Experimental Evidence. 60-84
  • Krista Wiegand, Emilia Powell. Past Experience, Quest for the Best Forum, and Peaceful Attempts to Resolve Territorial Disputes. 33-59
  • Susan Olzak. Does Globalization Breed Ethnic Discontent? 3-32

Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 5(1), 2011

  • Creating 'Partners for Peace': The Palestinian Authority and the International Statebuilding Agenda Mandy Turner Pages 1 - 21
  • International Statebuilding and Contentious Universities in Kosovo Nina den Boer; Chris van der Borgh Pages 67 - 88
  • JISB Interview: Kosova in Dependence: From Stability of Crisis to the Crisis of Stability Albin Kurti Pages 89 - 97
  • Postwar Reconstruction, the Reverse Course and the New Way Forward: Bis Repetitas? Jeff Bridoux Pages 43 - 66
  • The EU's Military Operation in Chad and the Central African Republic: An Operation to Save Lives? Giovanna Bono Pages 23 - 42

Political Science Quarterly, 125(4), 2010

  • Robert Jervis. Policy and Politics in the United Kingdom and the United States: A Review Essay. p.685-700
  • Tarik Ouzlu. Turkey and Europeanization of Foreign Policy?. p. 657-683
  • Loree Bykerk, Ardith Maney. Consumer Protection Policy Issues on the Congressional Agenda. p.639-655
  • Brian Glenn. Conservatives and American Political Development. p.611-638
  • Raúl Madrid. The Origins of the Two Lefts in Latin America. p.587-609
  • Stephen Benedict Dyson. George W. Bush, the Surge, and Presidential Leadership. p.557-585

Security Dialogue 42(1), 2011

Scott Watson
The ‘human’ as referent object?: Humanitarianism as securitization, 3-20.

Jonathan Gilmore
A kinder, gentler counter-terrorism: Counterinsurgency, human security and the War on Terror, 21-37.

Sean Lawson
Articulation, antagonism, and intercalation in Western military imaginaries, 39-56.

Christophe Wasinski
On making war possible: Soldiers, strategy, and military grand narrative, 57-76.

Jonas Wolff and Iris Wurm
Towards a theory of external democracy promotion: A proposal for theoretical classification, 77-96.

Simon Reid-Henry
Spaces of security and development: An alternative mapping of the security–development nexus, 97-104.

Maria Stern and Joakim Öjendal
Mapping security–development: A question of methodology?

Small Wars and Insurgencies, 22(1), 2011

  • A transformed insurgency: The strategy of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) in the light of communist insurgency theories and a modified Beaufrean exterior/interior framework Mika Kerttunen, 78-118
  • Analyzing Taliban taranas (chants): an effective Afghan propaganda artifact Thomas H. Johnson; Ahmad Waheed, 3-31
  • Global counterinsurgency and US army expansion: the case for recruiting foreign troops Kevin D. Stringer, 142-169
  • The artful use of national power: Portuguese Angola (1961–1974) John P. Cann, 196-225
  • The strategic utility of New Zealand Special Forces Rhys Ball, 119-141
  • Traffickers, terrorists, and a ‘new security challenge’: Russian counternarcotics strategy and the Federal Service for the Control of the Drugs Trade Bettina Renz, 55-77
  • Trinitarian troubles: governmental, military, and societal explanations for post-1945 Western failures in asymmetric conflicts Bart Schuurman, 32-54
  • Winning hearts and minds to lose control: exploring various consequences of popular support in counterinsurgency missions Nori Katagiri, 170-195

Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 34(4), 2011

  • Could Suicide Terrorists Actually Be Suicidal? Adam Lankford, 337-366
  • When Terrorism as Strategy Fails: Dissident Irish Republicans and the Threat to British Security Aaron Edwards, 318-336
  • Gender, Jihad, and Jingoism : Women as Perpetrators, Planners, and Patrons of Militancy in Kashmir Swati Parashar, 295-317
  • Negotiating Hostage Crises with the New Terrorists Adam Dolnik; Keith M. Fitzgerald, 267-294

Strategic Comments, 17( 1), 2011

  • China's J-20: future rival for air dominance? Pages 1 - 3
  • Gulf of Mexico spill: the longer-term impact Pages 1 - 3
  • North Korea's uranium programme heightens concern Pages 1 - 4
  • South Asia still beset by violent extremism Pages 1 - 3
  • WikiLeaks: the price of sharing data Pages 1 - 3

Strategic Comments 17(2), 2011

  • Bread and protests: the return of high food prices Pages 1 - 3
  • Clear, hold, hand over: NATO's Afghan transition plan Pages 1 - 3
  • Russian navy's regeneration plans Pages 1 - 3
  • Stuxnet: targeting Iran's nuclear programme Pages 1 - 3
  • The OSCE's uncertain future Pages 1 - 3

Survival 53(1), 2011

  • Al-Qaeda and the Struggle for Yemen Sarah Phillips Pages 95 - 120
  • Can Bad Governance be Good for Development? Sam Wilkin Pages 61 - 76
  • Climate Change and Security at the Third Pole Katherine Morton Pages 121 - 132
  • Iraq: Back to the Future Raad Alkadiri Pages 5 - 12
  • Mobilising Cyber Power Alexander Klimburg Pages 41 - 60
  • Policing the Waves: Maritime Paramilitaries in the Asia-Pacific Christian Le Mière Pages 133 - 146
  • Stuxnet and the Future of Cyber War James P. Farwell; Rafal Rohozinski Pages 23 - 40
  • The Korean Crises and Sino-American Rivalry Benjamin Schreer; Brendan Taylor Pages 13 - 19
  • The Socio-economics of Geopolitical Change Peter J. Munson Pages 77 - 94

Survival 53(2), 2011

  • A Post-Secular World? Cesare Merlini Pages 117 - 130
  • America and Egypt After the Uprisings Marc Lynch Pages 31 - 42
  • China's Vulnerability Trap Jonathan Holslag Pages 77 - 88
  • Exploring the Maze: Counter-proliferation Intelligence Michael Crawford Pages 131 - 158
  • Global Warming and the Arab Spring Sarah Johnstone; Jeffrey Mazo Pages 11 - 17
  • Hizbullah's Political Strategy Lina Khatib Pages 61 - 76
  • Politics and the Army in Egypt Ibrahim A. Karawan Pages 43 - 50
  • Reform and Rebirth in the Middle East Alanoud Al Sharekh Pages 51 - 60
  • Resetting the US-China Security Relationship Lyle J. Goldstein Pages 89 - 116
  • Towards Two Sudans Peter Woodward Pages 5 - 10
  • Waking the Arabs Elham Fakhro; Emile Hokayem Pages 21 - 30

India's Strategic Interest