Atomic Energy Agency safeguards on all of its nuclear material, exploded a “peaceful” nuclear
device in 1974, convincing the world of the need for greater restrictions on nuclear trade. The
United States created the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) as a direct response to India’s test,
halted nuclear exports to India a few years later, and worked to convince other states to do the
same. India tested nuclear weapons again in 1998. However, President Bush announced July 18,
2005, he would “work to achieve full civil nuclear energy cooperation with India” and would
“also seek agreement from Congress to adjust U.S. laws and policies,” in the context of a broader
partnership with India.