Under the current system, nuclear security is not globally uniform. There is no specific obligation to implement any recommended international standards, and there is no requirement to share information with other nations though several international agreements encourage these actions. This creates significant challenges in assessing the adequacy of global nuclear security and complicates efforts to minimize potential vulnerabilities. The lack of transparency, in particular, allows weak links in the international nuclear security system to remain potential targets for exploitation by terrorists or other actors.
From the Nuclear Security Governance Experts Group (NSGEG) September 2012 Workshop on Building Transparency in Nuclear Security, this report provides initial policy recommendations on how existing structures can be used to make the system more effective and transparent, incentivizing transparency in the nuclear industry, protecting information in a more transparent environment, and closing the communication gaps among stakeholders.http://www.stanleyfoundation.org/nsgeg/NSGEGLondonReport022013.pdf