China (ROC), including policy issues for Congress and legislation. Congress has oversight of the
Taiwan Relations Act (TRA), P.L. 96-8, which has governed arms sales to Taiwan since 1979,
when the United States recognized the People’s Republic of China (PRC) instead of the ROC.
Two other relevant parts of the “one China” policy are the August 17, 1982, U.S.-PRC Joint
Communique and the “Six Assurances” to Taiwan. U.S. arms sales to Taiwan have been
significant. The United States also expanded military ties with Taiwan after the PRC’s missile
firings in 1995-1996. However, the U.S.-ROC Mutual Defense Treaty terminated in 1979.