terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, with an increase in bilateral and regional
cooperation. In its 2010 Country Reports on Terrorism (issued in August 2011), the State
Department maintained that terrorism in the region was primarily perpetrated by terrorist
organizations in Colombia and by the remnants of radical leftist Andean groups. Overall,
however, the report maintained that the threat of a transnational terrorist attack remained low for
most countries in the hemisphere. With regard to concerns about drug trafficking-related violence
in Mexico, the State Department terrorism report asserted that “there was no evidence of ties
between Mexican criminal organizations and terrorist groups, nor that the criminal organizations
had aims of political or territorial control, aside from seeking to protect and expand the impunity
with which they conduct their criminal activity.” Cuba has remained on the State Department’s
list of state sponsors of terrorism since 1982 pursuant to Section 6(j) of the Export Administration
Act, which triggers a number of economic sanctions. Both Cuba and Venezuela are on the State
Department’s annual list of countries determined to be not cooperating fully with U.S.
antiterrorism efforts pursuant to Section 40A of the Arms Export Control Act. U.S. officials have
expressed concerns over the past several years about Venezuela’s lack of cooperation on
antiterrorism efforts, its relations with Iran, and potential support for Colombian terrorist groups.